On 24 May 2018, the European Commission published its proposal to revise the 2009 motor insurance directive 2009/103/EC. The proposal follows a two-year evaluation. It addresses five issues, two of which are insolvency of insurers and uninsured driving. Let’s have a closer look at these two issues in particular.
Insolvency of insurers
Under the Directive, member states have set up compensation bodies. These bodies meet claims caused by uninsured or unidentified vehicles. However, victims of accidents are currently not compensated if the MTPL insurer is insolvent.
So, unless national protection schemes against insolvency are in place, victims may not be compensated. The EC aims to address this by proposing that the compensation bodies pay the victims’ claims in case of insolvency. Initially, the compensation body in the victim’s country of residence pays the compensation. This body is subsequently reimbursed by the compensation body in the liable party’s country of residence.
Within the EU, uninsured driving is a growing problem. According to the Association of European Vehicle and Driver Registration Authorities Ereg, claims caused by uninsured parties were estimated at EUR 870m in 2011. This is a problem both at national and European level, with national bodies across the region footing the bill. These costs are ultimately reflected in the premiums paid by policyholders as insurers financing the national bodies need to recover these amounts.
As border checks are prohibited under the principle of free movement, uninsured vehicles are not stopped when crossing borders. The EC proposes to tackle this problem by lifting the existing prohibition of systematic checks on foreign vehicles. Technology such as number plate recognition facilitates such checks without having to stop the vehicle. Such checks should be an integral part of the general national checks of motor vehicles, to avoid discrimination. In addition, the checks are subject to GDPR to protect the privacy of drivers at home and abroad.
Other proposed amendments to motor insurance directive
The other proposed amendments concern
- Harmonising claims history statements based on which insurers calculate premiums – to help policyholders take out insurance when moving to other countries
- Minimum amounts of cover to remove differences between participating countries and to reflect economic reality
- Inclusion of semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles (driverless cars)
The full text of the proposal is available on the website of the European Commission, as are FAQs.
As border checks are prohibited under the principle of free movement, uninsured vehicles are not stopped when crossing borders.